Business and biodiversity :: Ecotourism
The interdependence between tourism and the environment is recognized worldwide. A recent survey by the Industry and Environment Office of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP/IE) shows that the resource most essential for the growth of tourism is the environment.
Additional information on biodiversity resources and the role of the national institutions for their management and conservation could be found at BIODIVERSITY IN BULGARIA.
Tour Operators Initiative for Sustainable Tourism Development
Most tour operators recognise that a clean and safe environment is critical to their success. Fewer have the management tools or experience to design and conduct tours that minimise their negative environmental, social and economic impacts while optimising their benefits. To develop and implement these tools in their own operations, and encourage other tour operators to do the same, a group of tour operators from different parts of the world have joined forces to create the Tour Operators Initiative for Sustainable Tourism Development.
Pan Parks Concept
PAN Parks is a protected area network of parks, which has been established to introduce a marriage between nature conservation and tourism on a European scale. Therefore one of the main aims of the net is to work towards improving the nature protection by sustainable tourism development. PAN Parks aims to provide a reliable trademark which guarantees nature protection and is recognised by all Europeans.
In Bulgaria, in 2003 Central Balkan National Park was awarded PAN Parks certificate, which means that the park covers the required principles, criteria and indicators set by PAN Parks for the territories of the network.
Rila National Park is currently a “candidate PAN Park". Rila NP is expected to receive the PAN Parks certificate in 2007.
Planeta.com is a clearinghouse for practical ecotourism around the globe. As a travel resource center, Planeta.com hosts a variety of online forums and conferences and has published more than 10,000 pages of features and scholarly reports.Planeta.com
Global Code of Ethics for Tourism
World Tourism Organization believes that the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is needed to help minimize the negative impacts of tourism on the environment and on cultural heritage while maximizing the benefits for residents of tourism destinations.