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Biodivervity in Bulgaria :: BD and agriculture

The development of agriculture in Bulgaria currently undergoes changes in terms of introducing and applying sustainable agricultural practices and policies which are in accordance with the ones in the European Union (EU). This process has certain institutional, legislative and social aspects.

According to the vision for the National Agri-environment Program, the development of agriculture in Bulgaria should take into account the nature advantages of the country, its varied relief, as well as the process of harmonization of legislation with that of the EU. With regard to the agri-environment these two tendencies are synchronized.

“There are several mountain ranges in Bulgaria where the habitats and species are of pan-European importance. Their conservation depends on the maintenance of the existing extensive agricultural practices, especially with regard to the animal breeding. The preservation of the local breeds, which are often connected with different mountainous zones, contributes to the maintenance of rich genetic diversity at European level. Bulgarian wetlands and dry habitats like the coastal strips also lead to the increase of the habitats diversification related to the extensive agriculture” (National Agri-environment Program).

The institutions, organizations and programs in Bulgaria that carry out the national policy related to agriculture and biodiversity are described below.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry - Agrienvironment Department

Agrienvironment Department is part of “Development of Rural Areas and Investments" Directorate at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. The highlight of the work of Agrienvironmental department is the elaboration and coordination of the national and regional agro-environmental programs. Currently the draft of the National Agri-environment Programme for the period 2007-2013 has been under elaboration.


AgroWebBulgaria, a part of the AgroWeb Central and Eastern Europe Network is created in order to collect and provide information on agricultural institutions and other important agriculture related subjects to help users to find information and contacts in Central and Eastern European countries and former USSR:


Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry- SAPARD Program

The European Commission initiated the SAPARD Program in 1998 to support the efforts made by the candidate countries in the pre-accession period as they prepare for their participation in the Common Agricultural Policy and the single market of the European Union. The objective is to provide financing for a wide range of measures for structural adjustment of agriculture and rural development as part of the common accession strategy of the candidate countries. THE SAPARD Program will be implemented for a 7-year period - from 2000 to 2006.


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Additional information on biodiversity resources and their sustainable use is provided by

Biodiversity and Business Information Node .

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